The Eddas affirm Yggdrasill to be an ash tree:
"I know that an ash tree stands called Yggdrasill,a high tree, soaked with shining loam;
from there come the dews which fall in the valley,
ever gree, it stands over the well of fate." (Voluspa 19, Larrington translation)
"Trembles Yggdrasil's ash yet standing; groans that aged tree, and the jotun is loosed. Loud bays Garm before the the Gnupa-cave, his bonds he rends asunder; and the wolf runs." (Voluspa 48, Thorpe translation)
"The ash of Yggdrasill suffers agonymore than men know:
a hart bites it from above, and it decays at the sides,
and Nidhogg rends it beneath." (Grimnismal 35, Larrington translation)
"The ash of Yggdrasil is the noblest of trees,and Skidbladnir the best of ships,
Odin best of the Aesir, Sleipnir of horses,
Bilrost of bridges, Bragi of poets,
Habrok of hawks, and Garm of dogs." (Grimnismal 44, Larrington translation)
"The ash is of all trees the biggest and best. Its branches spread out over all the world and extend across the sky." (Gylfaginning 14, Faulkes translation)
The Eddas also tell us that the first man Ask was fashioned from a tree:
"Until three gods, strong and loving,came from that company to the world;
they found on land Ash and Embla,
capable of little, lacking in fate." (Voluspa 17, Larrington translation)
Whilst I in no way wish to contradict the Eddas scholarly opinion is in fact divided over the nature of the species of tree that Yggdrasill represents. It is considered by some scholars that Ygg is derived from Proto-Germanic *igwja, meaning yew, thus arguing that the word has been mistranslated in the Eddas. Runologists often connect the Eiwaz Rune with the world tree, thus connecting it with the yew. Indeed Edred Thorsson makes this connection in his book Futhark (1984) :
"Eihwaz is the vertical axis of the world that defines the central column of Yggdrasil, the cosmic tree. The world-tree of the ancient Norse was in most cases actually symbolized by a yew tree, not an ash as often supposed. This idea is supported by the old texts, which always refer to its 'evergreen' quality and its needles-the yew is a conifer. An alternate name for the yew in Old Norse is also barraskr (needle ash)."
On an esoteric level I am inclined to agree with Edred but just to confuse things further there is yet another candidate for Yggdrasill and that is the mighty oak tree. One of the supporters for this third candidate is the German Atlantis researcher and writer Karl Georg Zschaetzsch who posits the theory that the oak was the world tree in his Die Urheimat der Arier , 1922 (The Original Homeland of the Aryans).
Zshaetzsch states that Yggdrasil is described as an ash in the Nordic tradition but then goes on to disagree with this, stating that the prefix 'Ygg' or 'Yg' actually accords with the Nordic 'Eg' and the English 'Oak' and the suffix 'sil' means 'Seele' or 'soul'. Thus he defines Yggdrasil as the 'Oaktree of the soul' and thus 'Tree of Life' as soul = life.
If this is the case that the World Tree is represented by the Oak then no wonder that this species of tree is so revered among the Aryan peoples of Europe. It was probably one of their few sources of nutrition after the catastophe of the Sintbrand (conflagration) caused by a comet that burned much of Atlantis. This symbol is thus so burned into the Blood Memory of the Aryan peoples that it survives in their various mythological traditions.
The author goes on to say that among the Oaks there are different species which have edible fruits or acorns which can be eaten either raw or roasted. He believes that in Atlantis these were used as meal for bread. If this is the case that the World Tree is represented by the Oak then no wonder that this species of tree is so revered among the Aryan peoples of Europe. It was probably one of their few sources of nutrition after the catastophe of the Sintbrand (conflagration) caused by a comet that burned much of Atlantis. This symbol is thus so burned into the Blood Memory of the Aryan peoples that it survives in their various mythological traditions.
My readers should note that according to Zschaetzsch the Aryans were originally vegetarians as also speculated by Savitri Devi. This is something which we need to give thought to as in any breakdown of society-and the 'New World Order' which in effect is just the culmination of the old world order will eventually break down and meat will be in short supply. Zschaetzsch states that the surviving Aryans were supplied with milk from nearby animals (the suckling of the divine twins Romulus and Remus by the she-wolf comes to mind) and the animals must not have been afraid of the humans, thus strengthening the argument that the Aryans were vegetarians.