Sunday, October 25, 2015

The British Isles and Atland

Over recent years I have written extensively on this and my Celto-Germanic Culture, Myth and History blogs about the ancient presence of the Germanic peoples in the British Isles and how English is now increasingly being considered as an ancient Germanic language deserving of its own classification as a distinct sub-group within the family of Germanic languages. See http://The Ancient Presence of the Germanic Peoples in England 

I have also made a case for the Germanic origins of the megalithic culture. 
In the light of this I have also widely discussed the Indo-European or Aryan origins of Phases II and III of Stonehenge.

Wulf Ingessunu, the founder and Folk Warder of Woden's Folk has also followed similar but independent lines of enquiry in his writings. I wish to add further light to these researchers by informing my readers that my research and conclusions have been strengthened in my own mind following my recent reading of Tony Steele's The Rites and Rituals of Traditional Witchcraft, published by Capall Bann in 2001. Mr Steele is the founder of  the Ordo Anno Mundi, a magical order which uses the Oera Linda Book as a foundational text. The Rites and Rituals of Traditional Witchcraft quotes frequently from the Oera Linda Book.

Tony Steele's book contains a lot of useful information regarding the lost Frisian and Aryan civilisation and land mass known as Atland which he derives from Oat-land and Aldland-Old-land. This land mass and its civilisation was destroyed by the Great Flood of 2194 BCE. He considers the cause of this cataclysm to be the appearance of the Hale-Bopp comet. Interestingly the reappearance of this comet heralded the formation of Woden's Folk by Wulf, to prepare the way for the final Avatar. There is a deep mystical truth and connection here that we need to meditate on.

Mr Steele comes to the conclusion (far earlier than many others) that Old English, which is closely related to Old Frisian is far more archaic than many scholars up until now have been willing to admit.  Stephen Oppenheimer in his Origins of the British: The New Pre-History of Britain: A Genetic Detective Story (2007) analyses the structure and lexicon of Old English and comes to the conclusion that it is not merely an offshoot of the West Germanic or Ingaevonic language group. Its genesis is more complicated than that. It does indeed share a close similarity in structure with Old Frisian but its lexicon is greatly affected by North Germanic-Old Norse. Now my readers must not jump to the conclusion that this is the result of the Viking invasions as these took place centuries after the advent of the Anglo-Saxons. So any Scandinavian influence on Old English would have had to have taken place before the Saxon invasions but this does not make sense as before these invasions there was no English presence in Britain-or so it would seem. Thus Oppenheimer theorises that there was indeed a Germanic language and thus a Germanic presence already here in England by the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasions.

The truth of the matter is that the ancestors of the English were present in Britain thousands of years before the accepted date of the Anglo-Saxon invasion of 449 CE referred to in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles. Like myself Mr Steele attributes the Megalithic Culture to the Germanic peoples but he refers to the English as part of a Frisian confederation which covered most of northern and western Europe. It is no coincidence that Haplotype R1b is dominant in western Europe including the British Isles and is particularly common amongst the so-called Celts of Ireland, Scotland and Wales as well as the Western Germanic peoples (English, Frisians, Dutch, Germans). Indeed Wulf makes a similar point in his recent blog article

"These similarities may not be 'borrowings' since I would suggest they have a common source in the ancient land of At-al-land which was the northern continent much of which sank under the North Sea some 7,000 years ago in a catastrophe. This being so these myths are Ario-Germanic Myths (Northern European) originally. As we have gone some way to proving, these islands were not 'Celtic' at all but were made up mainly of Germanic Folk with a mixture of Gallic peoples from Southern Europe and migrations from the South."

To further prove this point 'The Destruction of Da Derga's Hostel' is based around the Winter Sunstead period of the year, and the four main points of the 'Celtic' (Gallic) calender are the X-points and not the points that include the Winter Sunstead, this being a Germanic Festival. We can find Germanic Myth throughout these islands since the peoples are a mixture, and the idea that Wales, Scotland and Ireland are somewhat 'different' and 'Celtic' is a modern invention - one suited to our oppressors who work through the 'divide and conquer' method. In very ancient times we can see that Ingwe-Inguz is a figure found throughout these islands (except Wales, but even there we find Woden as Gwydio/Wydion).
There is a particularly close connection between Germanic and Celtic mythology in the British Isles which goes beyond cultural 'borrowing' or exchange or indeed from their shared Indo-European distant past. It is indicative that the shared mythology and DNA of the so-called Celts and Teutons demonstrates that at one point they were a unifield folk and that the British Isles has always been Ario-Germanic.

For many years so-called scholars have been unwilling to admit to the possibility that Stonehenge, the greatest of our ancient monuments was of Indo-European origin despite research and writings on this subject going back to the 1950s. It is only now with the recent discoveries at Stonehenge that it is accepted as fact even though the likes of Peter Crampton and Leon Stover have been writing about this since the 1960s and 1970s respectively that Stonehenge was built by Indo-Europeans (the Wessex Culture).

What I find also of interest in Mr Steele's book is that the Picts, thought to be aboriginal to Britain may indeed have a Germanic origin. For many years they were considered to be either non-Indo-European or simply a subset of the Celts. It is argued that the language of the Picts was "a very archaic and somewhat degenerate form of Germanic." Mr Steele mentions that the original name of Britain was Albion meaning either White Island or more interestingly Elf Island. He points out that J.R.R. Tolkien demonstrated that cognates of the word 'Elf' are only to be found in Germanic languages! The Scots who colonised Scotland from Ulster renamed the Picts' Alba as Scotland.

The Frisian confederation was apparently divided into ten 'kindreds' which included the Angelarar (the Angles) along with the Juttar (Jutes) and Saxmannar (Saxons)which constituted the Anglo-Saxon tribes which returned to Britain from the mid 5th century CE onwards. The English therefore were an important part of this confederation.

I will be returning to this subject in future articles on this blog.

Sunday, October 18, 2015

Germanic Rebirth, not New Age Reincarnation

In today's New Age movement there is a lot of nonsense spoken and written about reincarnation. The modern doctrine of reincarnation is the watered down Kali Yuga distortion of the Aryan and Germanic concept of the Eternal Return. Whilst it is true that the Germanic peoples and the original Aryans believed in the concept of Rebirth that is not the same thing as New Age reincarnation which seeks to democratise an ancient and valid belief.

The pre-xtian Teutonic peoples believed in Rebirth and their concept of the 'soul' was a complex one. As Dr Stephen Edred Flowers makes clear in his remakably informative books Sigurd: Rebirth and the Rites of Transformation (Runa Raven 2011, Lodestar 2015) and Runelore (Samuel Weiser, 1987) our ancestors believed that body-soul complex consisted of many parts: the lik (the body itself), the Hugr (the mind),  Hamr (shape-substance), Odhr (faculty of ecstasy), Ond (vital breath), Minni (memory), Sal (the soul), Fylgja (the Fetch-following spirit of the opposite gender) and Hamingja (luck).

I do not intend to go into any detail about the individual parts of the Germanic body-soul complex but the reader will notice that I have referred to 9 parts. This is significant and is related to the 9 worlds of Norse cosmology. Interestingly Anglo-Saxon cosmology knows of 7 rather than 9 worlds. Again this is not something I am going to elaborate on right now but these 7 worlds are divided between 3 realms. Ocultists relate the 9 and 7 worlds to a 9 or 7 chakra or wheel system.

Returning to the issue of rebirth it is clear that if the body-soul complex is divided into 9 parts, on their dissolution after death they will not all go or return to the same place and may not even survive at all. Germanic mythology curiously knows of many dwelling places of the dead and this subject is elaborated on in detail in Hilda Roderick Ellis's The Road to Hel (1943, republished by Cambridge University Press in 2013). Hilda Ellis (Davidson) examines the evidence for the Germanic afterlife from archaeology and literature and finds from their burial customs that in addition to Walhall and Folkfang the dead also resided in burial mounds, the halls of the sea Goddess Ran and the underworld of Hel. The dead as draugr (a form of vampire or zombie) also visited the living. Encountering the dead could have either beneficial or malignant results. This is why it is imperative that when undergoing any esoteric work the magician carry out the necessary protective rite which for us in the Northern Tradition is the Hammer Rite.

Dr Flowers makes it clear in his works that the different aspects of the body-soul complex depart on death to different regions. The Hamingja for instances continues by being transferred to the new born of the family, clan, tribe or race. It does not die and the naming of a child after a recently departed ancestor helps to assure the transference of the Hamingja from one generation to another. Families often used the same prefix in given names. He gives an example from the Sigurd book in the early genealogy of the Cheruscans: Segimer, Segestes, Segithank, Segimund etc. The luck of the individual was really the luck of the family, clan, tribe or race.

In terms of individual consciousness, for the greater mass of mankind death produces forgetfullness and loss of memory of previous lives in the Eternal Return, for the personality, that which makes them individual gradually fades away and dies. As Viktor Rydberg states in Teutonic Mythology Volume 1:

"In Saxo we find an idea related to the antique Lethe myth, according to which the liquids and plants which belong to the lower world produce forgetfulness of the past. Therefore, Thorkil (Thorkillus) warns his companions not to eat or drink any of that which Gudmund offers them. In the Gudrun song (ii, 21, 22), and elsewhere, we meet with the same idea." (Chapter 49)

Miguel Serrano in his Resurrection of the Hero states:

"Only in the Eternal Return of the demiurgic cycles, as we have herein seen, can one return without a soul."
The beast-man has no soul, no sense of who or what he or she is. They are mere cardboard cut-outs, robotmen with no destiny to fulfill and thus they are nothing but slaves of the demiurge but we as servants and children of the Aesir must waken those who are meant to be awoken for the number of the Einherjar is already known and foretold in the Eddas:

"Five hundred doors and yet forty more, that is what I think are in Val-hall. Eight hundred Einheriar will go at once through one doorway when they and the wolf go to fight." (Gylfaginning, Prose Edda)

In other words the figure is 432,000. I believe this is certainly a symbolic figure for reasons I have stated in earlier articles for this figure is the number of years in the Hindu Kali Yuga but it could represent an actual known number of Woden Initiates. Certainly the idea of there being a large but limited host chosen by All-Father Woden is clear from our sacred writings.

It is the task of the incarnated hero, the Vira to REMEMBER who he or she is, to AWAKEN and thus awakened, to ACT. On remembering who he or she is the Vira KNOWS what his or her life's work is and devotes himself or herself to it which in essence is the winning of personal immortality, a God-like existence and to break free from the necessity, the Not of Eternal Recurrence, which is the lot of the beast-man. In returning to the celestal realm of Asgard the Vira has a face.

Sunday, October 11, 2015

The Good Religion. The Occidental Temple of the Wise Lord: a Review

I have just completed my reading of The Good Religion. The Occidental Temple of the Wise Lord by Darban-I-Den (Dr Stephen Edred Flowers/Edred Thorsson) and found it quite fascinating. This book may appear to signify a turning point for Edred as he is currently engaged in the formation of a Zoroastrian or Mazdan religious order in the West. This order is called The Occidental Temple of the Wise Lord, the Wise Lord being Ahura Mazda. This does not necessarily indicate to me that he is moving away from his Germanic and runic research. In the past he has produced for instance studies on the Celtic Ogham (The Book of Ogham, 1992), Hermetics and Alchemy (Hermetic Magic. The Postmodern Magical Papyrus of Abaris, 1995 and Carnal Alchemy, 1995) as well as forays into Freemasonry (Freemasonry and the Germanic Tradition, 2008) and his alleged involvement with the Temple of Set.

So this latest work follows a pattern of Edred examing and bringing to light Indo-European or Aryan sources of spirituality and making them accessible to a wider readership. In my opinion he is the ultimate modern day Germanic Faustian man and I commend him in his pioneering endeavours. My readers will be pleased to note that many of the now out of print Runa Raven titles are being republished by Lodestar. However a more mainstream publisher Inner Traditions Bear and Company is bringing out his Icelandic Magic: The Mystery and Power of the Galdrabok Grimoire in 2016. This may be a different work from his earlier Runa Raven book The Galdrabok. An Icelandic Book of Magic, 2011). This earlier work was originally published by Red Wheel/Weiser in 1990. Inner Traditions recently republished his groundbreaking and authorative Lords of the Left Hand Path: Forbidden Practices and Spiritual Heresies in 2012. In the same year Weiser published his ALU, An Advanced Guide to Operative Runology. See my review

In the book Edred sets out the history of Zoroastrianism and the life of the prophet Zarathustra and places this in an Indo-European context as he has done with his researches into the Celtic, Hermetic and Freemasonic paths. In this sense the book follows that pattern. Indeed there are three chapters on the Indo-Europeans, the Indo-Iranians and the Iranians in the Historical section of the book. After this section there follows an Ideological section with chapters on Theology, Demonology and Cosmology and finally a section on Ritual and Prayer. The first two sections of the book were the most interesting for me as I have no intention of becoming a Mazdan although Edred stresses that this religious path may run alongside any other that the individual is practicing. He demonstrates that this is an Indo-European religion built upon the tripartite system but nevertheless is intended to become a universal religion to counter the Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. However the Mazdan path allows for people to continue also in their original religious path if they so wish. This shows remarkable tolerance which is a known trait of Indo-European systems of belief.

In his book Edred stresses the communal nature of this religion although most of it can be practiced alone as an individual. I think in this area he may struggle as I can see that isolated individuals may adopt this religion but to find small groups or individuals coming together in a wide geographical area will be difficult as those of us who follow a heathen path know only too well. To sum up this book is no doubt to be regarded as a foundation text of this new revival of an ancient religion and is specifically intended for the western man as western Mazdaism will inevitably have many differences to Iranian Zorastrianism. It will also be of interest to anyone who is drawn to Indo-European religion and spirituality regardless of what particular path you may follow.